Society and everyday life
The majority of the Irish population is dedicated to the Roman Catholic faith. The Roman Catholic Church in Ireland is divided into four archdioceses: Armagh, Dublin, Tuam and Cashel and their suffragan dioceses. The main Catholic archbishopric of all Ireland is the Archbishop of Armagh. While the Catholic Church is divided into four ecclesiastical provinces, the Anglican Church of Ireland has only two: Armagh and Dublin and their dioceses.
Ireland has been a member of the European Union since 1973. The Republic of Ireland, which refers to the southern part of Ireland, is a sovereign state with a representative democracy. Meaning that a parliamentary system will come into force with the President, Prime Minister and Parliament. The current President of Ireland (Gaelic Uachtarán na hÉireann) is Michael D. Higgens (elected in 2018).
Local language and communication
There are two official languages in Ireland, which are English and Irish. The Irish language is also called “Gaelic”. Irish belongs to the Celtic branch of Celtic languages. Gaelic, however, is spoken only by a rural minority.
The most widespread means of transportation is the bus. The company Bus Éireann connects most of the major Irish cities. While the national bus company connects the centers, smaller, local bus lines will then take you to more remote areas. You also have the possibility to travel by train in Ireland - the Northern Ireland Railways operate in the north, and the Iarnród Éireann in the south.