Culture and history of Malta
Malta has experienced countless diverse mixtures of cultures, which have influenced it in the past and still do today. The first humans reached the island at around 5200 BC. Since that time, nearly all powers of the Mediterranean have tried to gain ownership of the this island. Many different battle forces fought over who will control the land. The last one of these battles occurred during the Second World War, in which Malta was the base of the allied powers. It was therefore targeted by Germany and Italy during the war.
The Maltese culture has been influenced by large Mediterranean empires from very early on in its history. Some of these empires were the Kathargers, the Romans, the Byzantine empire and the Arabic empire. The group of islands belonged to these empires during the antique and medieval times. The inhabitants of the islands were also influenced by the Roman Catholic beliefs and superstitions that originate in the south of Italy. Their language is however more strongly linked to Arabic. Malta only created its first independent government in 1530, which was led by the Sovereign Order of Malta. This changed in 1814 however, when Malta became a British colony.
The period in which the island was colonized by Britain has left its a clear mark on Malta. To this day, the island's official language is English and you can even find the typical red phone booths all around as well. The Maltese flag was also influenced by Britain. Malta acted as Britain's "Unsinkable Aircraft Carrier" during the Second World War. The British King rewarded Malta in 1942, by awarding them the St. George's Cross for their contribution and support in the war. This emblem can be found on the Maltese flag and still holds its historic place to this day. On the 21st of September 1964, Malta finally gained its full independence.
Carnival: (February) The Maltese carnival takes place in February and is a sight to behold. It has been one of Malta's traditions for more than 450 years and is one of the island's biggest festivals. The week of the island's Carnival is traditionally held on the last week of February.
International Fireworks Festival:(April-May) There are plenty of fireworks and even a local competition with international pyrotechnicians. Their performances are spectacular and you will not want to miss them.
Malta Jazz Festival: (July) World famous Jazz musicians have been gathering at this amazing festival venue on the third weekend of July for more than 25 years. Every person who lives and loves Jazz simply needs to pay this festival a visit!
International Arts Festival:(July - August) This local and regional artist festival takes place in the summer, which means that most performances and activities will take place outside. The weather is very likely to be great and the sights are bound to be even better.