Adjectives in Spanish

Adjectives in Spanish are words that describe or qualify characteristics of nouns (people, places, objects, concepts, etc.). They can refer to qualities such as color, size, shape, state, origin, among others. In Spanish, adjectives are not conjugated like verbs, but they do agree in gender (masculine or feminine) and number (singular or plural) with the noun they are modifying.


Gender concordance

  • If the noun is masculine, the adjective must also be masculine. We add "-o" for masculine.
  • If the noun is feminine, the adjective must be feminine. We add "-a" for feminine.

Example:

  • Masculine noun: A red car (red agrees with "coche" which is masculine).
  • Feminine noun: A red house (red agrees with "casa" which is feminine).

Concordance in number

  • If the noun is singular, the adjective must also be singular.
  • If the noun is plural, the adjective must be plural. We add "-s" for plural.

Example:

  • Singular noun: A red car (red agrees with "coche" which is singular).
  • Plural noun: Two red cars (red agrees with "coches" which is plural).

Position in the sentence

In Spanish, the position of the adjective can vary depending on several factors, such as the function it fulfills in the sentence, the intention of the speaker and the characteristics of the adjective. The most common adjective positions in Spanish are described below:

1. Position before the noun:

- Qualifying adjective: In most cases, qualifying adjectives are placed before the noun they modify.

- Example: A big house, an interesting book, an exciting movie.

2. Position after the noun:

- Specifying adjective: Although less common, some specifying adjectives are placed after the noun to provide additional information and are often related to origin, relationship, material or possession.

- Example: A trusted person, a playground, a historic house.

3. Position after the verb "to be":

- In certain situations, especially when a specific quality is to be emphasized, the adjective can be placed after the verb "to be".

- Example: The car is fast, The movie is exciting, She is smart.

4. Position after a possessive pronoun:

- When a possessive pronoun is used, the adjective is usually placed after the possessive pronoun and before the noun.

- Example: My Big House, Your Interesting Book, Our Exciting Project.

  • The choice of adjective position may vary according to context, communicative intent and region. It is essential to keep in mind the fluency and naturalness of the language when placing adjectives in different positions in a Spanish sentence.

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The colors

Spanish English
Rojo Red
Azul Blue
Amarillo Yellow
Verde Green
Blanco White
Negro Black
Gris Gray
Marrón Brown
Anaranjado Orange
Rosado Pink

Emotions

Spanish English
Feliz Happy
Triste Sad
Enojado Angry
Asustado Scared
Cansado Tired
Contento Content
Sorprendido Surprised
Aburrido Bored
Ansioso Anxious
Nervioso Nervous

Age and size related

Spanish English
Joven Young
Viejo Old
Adulto Adult
Infantil Childish
Adolescente Teenage
Anciano Elderly
Pequeño Small / Little
Alto Tall
Bajo Short
Largo Long
Corto Short

Physical conditions

Spanish English
Saludable Healthy
Enfermo Sick
Fuerte Strong
Débil Weak
Ágil Agile
Rápido Fast
Lento Slow
Delgado Thin
Gordo Fat
Flaco Thin
Guapo Handsome

Conclusion

To improve your Spanish vocabulary, we recommend using dictionaries, books, apps and online resources to discover new adjectives and their meaning. Also, familiarize yourself with gender and number agreement by creating sentences in which you use adjectives in different positions. If you want to improve your grammar, don't hesitate to take a language trip to one of our destinations!


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