French Artists

French Artists
  • Paul Cézanne
  • Gustave Courbet
  • Jacques-Louis David
  • Edgar Degas
  • Eugène Delacroix
  • Paul Gauguin
  • Claude Monet
  • Auguste Renoir
  • Nicolas Poussin
  • Henri Matisse
  • Antoine Watteau
  • Jean-François Millet
  • Charles Le Brun
  • Jean Fouquet

Jean-François Millet (1814 - 1875)

Millet, a French genre and landscape artist, was born in 1814, into a peasant family in Gruchy. He is mostly recognized for his paintings which depict a rustic way of life. Having studied in Cherbourg, he continued to do so later on in Paris. In the early part of his career, his paintings featured mainly mythological scenes and genre subjects. He also painted portraits.

Around 1849, Millet moved to Barbizon to join the artists of the Barbizon School, located near the Forest of Fontainebleau. During this stage of his professional career he began painting the landscapes and scenes that are so typical of his style and for which he is especially well known.

Millet's paintings are noted for their power and simplicity of drawing. He was considered an exceptional draughtsman, however, less of a colourist, as can be seen in his works. His stark, solemn portrayal of rustic life made him a social realist. Millet died in 1875.

Some of his best known works include:

  • The Gleaners
  • The Angelus
  • The Sower
  • Potato Planters
  • Winter with Ravens