German literature

German authors
  • Angelus Silesius
  • Heinrich Böll
  • Bertolt Brecht
  • Karl Georg Büchner
  • Hans Magnus Enzensberger
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
  • Günter Grass
  • Brothers Grimm
  • Hans von Grimmelshausen
  • Peter Handke
  • Gerhart Hauptmann
  • Heinrich Heine
  • Heinrich der Glïchezäre
  • Johann Gottfried von Herder
  • Hermann Hesse
  • Ernst Theodor Amadeus Hoffmann
  • Friedrich Hölderlin
  • Uwe Johnson
  • Siegfried Lenz
  • Gotthold Ephraim Lessing
  • Thomas Mann
  • Robert Musil
  • Novalis
  • Jean Paul Richter
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Schelling
  • Friedrich von Schiller
  • Arthur Schnitzler
  • Georg Trakl
  • Frank Wedekind
  • Christa Wolf

Jacob Grimm (1785-1863) and Wilhelm Grimm (1786-1859)

Jacob Ludwig Karl Grimm and Wilhelm Karl Grimm were university professors of German philology and literary critics. Famous for their fairy stories for children, they also carried out extensive research on the German language of the time as well as on the country's folklore.

In order to do so they travelled all over Germany, collecting the various traditions of different regions by word of mouth from the locals. They also studied the language and its usage and the ancient folk tales of the different regions. When they talked with the people they also asked to be told the childhood stories they had heard as little children and took notes. A woman named Pastora provided them with most of the stories that they later compiled under the title The Grimm's Children's and Household Tales, which they published in two volumes between 1812 and 1815.

The collection was expanded in 1857 under a new title, Grimm's Fairy Tales. Among the stories that formed a part of this collection, some have acquired considerable fame, such as "Snow White and the Seven Dwarves", "Cinderella" and "Hansel and Gretel".

Jacob was also an excellent philologist, who wrote German Grammar (1819-1837) which is deemed his most important scientific work.