German literature

German authors
  • Angelus Silesius
  • Heinrich Böll
  • Bertolt Brecht
  • Karl Georg Büchner
  • Hans Magnus Enzensberger
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
  • Günter Grass
  • Brothers Grimm
  • Hans von Grimmelshausen
  • Peter Handke
  • Gerhart Hauptmann
  • Heinrich Heine
  • Heinrich der Glïchezäre
  • Johann Gottfried von Herder
  • Hermann Hesse
  • Ernst Theodor Amadeus Hoffmann
  • Friedrich Hölderlin
  • Uwe Johnson
  • Siegfried Lenz
  • Gotthold Ephraim Lessing
  • Thomas Mann
  • Robert Musil
  • Novalis
  • Jean Paul Richter
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Schelling
  • Friedrich von Schiller
  • Arthur Schnitzler
  • Georg Trakl
  • Frank Wedekind
  • Christa Wolf

Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Schelling, 1775-1854

Schelling, German philosopher, was one of the greatest exponents on Idealism and Romanticism in German philosophy. Born in Leonberg, Württemberg, on January 27, 1775, he studied at Tübingen University. He worked as a professor at the schools of most of Germany's the main universities and died on August 20, 1854 in Bad Ragaz, Switzerland.

Schelling's philosophy evolved with time. He began focusing on the identity of object and subject, based on the theories put forth by Kant, Fichte and Espinoza. This theory of identity is pantheistic, not critical or dogmatic, in which God is at the same level as the laws of the universe.

Schelling claims that the absolute self should take the place of the substance and only then can freedom be brought up as the object of an intellectual intuition.

In his second stage, Schelling denies his prior pantheistic beliefs, while he develops what was called 'positive philosophy', in which the essence and objective of human existence involves creative activity. Some of his writings that can be mentioned include The Philosophy of Art (1807), On Human Freedom (1809).