- Lower Saxony
- North Rhine Westphalia
- Frisian Islands
- Harz Mountains
In size, this is Germany's second largest state. Larger than Switzerland, it covers northwest Germany, between the northern coast - including the East Frisian Isles -, and the Harz Mountains. Hannover is found right in the middle. This is where we find the Altes Land (Old Land), the largest stretch of fruit trees in all of Europe, particularly beautiful when the apple trees are in bloom; the "humid triangle" between the mouths of the Elba and Weser Rivers and the Cuxhaven fishing harbour. Lower Saxony has the most extensive network of bicycle paths in all of Germany.
Some cities of historic interest include Hildesheim - centre of the Ottonian Empire -, Bardowick and Brunswich, an important trading town during the Middle Ages. Two thirds of the land is used in agriculture and livestock, although strong industries such as the car and chemical industries are also to be found in this region.
Hannover is one of the country's economic epicenters, revitalized due to the Expo 2000. The city was completely destroyed during World War II. The most emblematic buildings include the neo-classical style Opernhaus , the Altes Rathaus (Old Town Hall) and the Marktkirche (Market Church), built in the 14th Century and whose tower symbolizes the city.