Mexican Art and Architecture

Overview Art and Architecture
  • Pre-Hispanic Mexican Art
  • Colonial Mexican Art and Architecture
  • Mexican Independence Era
  • 20th Century Mexican Art
  • Mexican Artists

20th Century

By the time the 20th century had come about, Mexico established itself as one of Latin America’s main art centers, especially during the first half of the century. A distinct group of José Guadalupe Posada’s followers, which included such artists as Diego Rivera, David Alfaro Siqueiros, and José Clemente Orozco revived the Mexican art of fresco painting, didactic murals and easel painting. Subject matter was generally based on cultural nationalism and revolutionary politics. Another popular and very famous Mexican artist of the time was Frida Kahlo, who is known for using popular Mexican art motifs in her work.

After the Second World War, many artists were attracted to international modernism and gravitated to cities such as Barcelona, Paris and New York. Even so, twentieth century art in Mexico continues to develop, mixing and blending the prehistoric, the native and the modern, the national with the international. This successful integration of architecture, painting, sculpture and decorative arts has led to the unique style of Mexican art known and appreciated in our world today.