Imperative Affirmative in Spanish: Formation, Use and Examples

The affirmative imperative is a verb form used to give orders, instructions, advice or directions in an affirmative and direct manner. This verb form is specifically designed to communicate an action to be carried out in a clear and concise manner. In Spanish, the imperativo afirmativo is mainly used in situations where a request, command or suggestion needs to be expressed in a firm manner.

The Spanish affirmative imperative at a glance

The imperative affirmative is an essential verb form in the Spanish language, which allows us to communicate orders, instructions and commands in a direct and emphatic way. This grammatical form belongs to the imperative mood, one of the five verbal modes in Spanish that is mainly used to express actions in an imperative manner, that is, to indicate actions that must be carried out by the receiver of the message. In contrast to other verb modes that describe actions in different tenses and aspects, the imperative stands out for its usefulness in situations where clear, concise and forceful communication is required.

The primary function of the affirmative imperative is to convey the need or urgency to carry out a specific action. Its structure is based mainly on the verb forms of the second person singular (tú) and the first person plural (nosotros), as well as on the irregular forms of the second person singular of certain verbs. The latter case frequently occurs in irregular verbs, which take different forms in the affirmative imperative as compared to its infinitive form.

Formation of the affirmative imperative

To form the affirmative imperative in Spanish, the verb forms of the second person singular (tú) and the first person plural (nosotros) are used, as well as the irregular forms of the second person singular of some verbs. Here are the basic forms of some regular verbs in the affirmative imperative.

Conjugation table

Verbs ending in -ar

Tú: -a Habla
Usted: -e Hable
Nosotros/Nosotras: -emos Hablemos
Vosotros/Vosotras: -d Hablad
Ustedes: -en Hablen

Verbs ending in -er

Tú: -e Come
Usted: -a Coma
Nosotros/Nosotras: -amos Comamos
Vosotros/Vosotras: -d Comed
Ustedes: -an Coman

Verbs ending in -ir

Tú: -as Escribe
Usted: -a Escriba
Nosotros/Nosotras: -amos Escribamos
Vosotros/Vosotras: -id Escribid
Ustedes: -an Escriban
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Uses and examples of the affirmative imperative

The use of the affirmative imperative covers a wide range of contexts, from the most everyday aspects of life to the most formal and professional situations. In everyday life, the imperative is used to give simple directions, make direct requests and offer pragmatic advice. On the other hand, in more professional settings or in the issuing of official mandates, the imperative is dressed in solemnity and adapted to the rules of respect and politeness that govern such scenarios.

The affirmative imperative is used in a wide variety of contexts, from everyday instructions to formal mandates. Some common examples include:

  1. Daily instructions:
    • Tú, abre la ventana.
    • Tú, siéntate aquí.
  2. Tips and suggestions:
    • Tú, estudia para el examen.
    • Nosotros, intentemos resolver este problema juntos.
  3. Formal or professional mandates:
    • Usted, firme el contrato.
    • Ustedes, presenten sus propuestas.
  4. Advertising and publicity:
    • Compra ahora y ahorra.
    • Prueba nuestro nuevo producto.


The different forms of the second person singular are a tangible example of how the imperative can be adapted to convey different intentions and tones. The use of "tú" is closer and more casual, ideal for instructions between friends or family members. In contrast, the "usted" conveys respect and formality, being appropriate for professional situations and when a polite distance is required.

In more informal situations, the affirmative imperative can also be an expression of trust, closeness and camaraderie. In these cases, the use of regular forms and the absence of formalisms contribute to an atmosphere of camaraderie and friendship, allowing people to feel comfortable and relaxed.

In summary, the affirmative imperative is a valuable grammatical resource that offers a direct and effective means of communicating orders, requests and advice in Spanish. Its versatility, by adapting to different contexts and tones, demonstrates its importance in everyday communication and in the expression of human relationships in their various manifestations.

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