Learn the Spanish indicative mood

The indicative is one of the verbal modes in Spanish and is the most commonly used. It is used to express actions, events, facts and situations in an objective, real and concrete manner. Through the indicative, speakers communicate information that they consider truthful, true and objective. It is the mode most frequently used in everyday communication to describe what happens in reality.

The Spanish indicative mode at a glance

The indicative mood is one of the most widely used verbal modes in the Spanish language and plays a fundamental role in everyday and literary communication. It is a verbal mode used to express objective facts, statements and descriptions of reality. Through the indicative mode, speakers can convey information in a precise and clear manner, establishing temporal and causal relationships between different actions, states or situations.

The indicative mood is characterized by its neutrality and objectivity, since it is used to communicate events that are considered real or true from the speaker's perspective. Unlike other verbal modes, such as the subjunctive or the imperative, the indicative focuses on presenting facts as they are perceived, without adding nuances of possibility, desires or commands.

Presente simple in Spanish

The present simple is a verb tense used to express actions that occur regularly, general truths or situations that are occurring at the present moment. It is formed from the infinitive stem of the verb for all persons, except for the third person singular, where there may be changes in the verb ending, depending on the type of verb. Like all Spanish verb tenses, here we will find regular and irregular verbs.

Present simple or present indicative

Learn here how to correctly use the present simple tense in Spanish.

More information »

Pretérito imperfecto in Spanish

The preterite imperfect, also known as "imperfecto" or "pretérito imperfecto del indicativo", is another of the verb tenses used in Spanish to refer to past actions. Unlike the simple past (pretérito indefinido) which denotes actions completed in the past, the preterite imperfect is used to express actions that occurred habitually, repeatedly, enduringly or were in progress at a specific time in the past.

Pretérito perfecto compuesto in Spanish

The preterite perfect compound is a verb tense in Spanish that is used to talk about actions that have occurred in the recent past and that have relevance in the present. It is a combination of two elements: the auxiliary verb "haber" conjugated in the present tense and the past participle of the main verb.

Past perfect compound tense

Learn here how to correctly use the past perfect compound tense in Spanish.

More information »
Do you want to perfect your Spanish and take it to the next level?

Explore the world and improve your Spanish at the same time! Learn with Sprachcaffe in an international group and live the adventure of a lifetime in Malaga, Madrid, Barcelona or Havana!

More information

Pretérito indefinido in Spanish

In Spanish, the simple past is known as "pretérito perfecto simple" or simply "pretérito indefinido". It is one of the most commonly used past verb tenses and is used to describe actions or events that occurred at a specific time and have already been completed in the past.

Future simple in Spanish

The simple future is used to express actions or situations that will occur in the future without any additional conditions or assumptions. It is formed by adding the appropriate endings to the infinitive of the verb. In Spanish, all verb conjugations, whether regular or irregular, have the same endings for the simple future.

The simple future is characterized by its simplicity and clarity, as it allows us to talk about actions that will take place in the future without additional conditions or assumptions. It is formed by adding the appropriate endings to the infinitive of the verb.

Spanish indicative conditional

Do you have doubts about the coditional indicative in Spanish? Here we solve them for you

More information »

Spanish indicative conditional

The simple indicative conditional is a Spanish verb tense used to express hypothetical, possible or imaginary actions or situations in relation to a past or future context. This verb tense is used to talk about what would happen or would be in certain specific conditions or circumstances.

Its formation is based on the auxiliary verb "haber" in the conditional and the infinitive of the main verb. It is used in a variety of contexts, including conditional actions, wishes, suggestions, hypothetical situations in the past and to express politeness in speech.

Learn Spanish with Sprachcaffe

Online Spanish course

Learn Spanish from the comfort of your home with an online course.

More information »