The fundamental principles of French grammar

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Adverbs of location

Adverbs of place are the answers to local data questions. There are a large number of these adverbs, but among the most recurrent are: beside, right, left, elsewhere, inside, inside, outside, behind, in front of, under, above, below, ...

Examples: The heating is at the bottom of the house.

The heating is at the bottom of the house.


Adverbs of time

Adverbs of time are answers to questions of temporal data. Again, there are many, but we can cite: today, after, immediately, formerly, before, soon, first, already, tomorrow, again, finally, at the same time, then, yesterday, formerly, never, now, ....

Examples: I'm going skiing tomorrow.

I went skiing yesterday.


Adverbs of quantity

Quantity adverbs answer questions about quantity. They include: assez, aussi, autant, beaucoup, davantage, encore, environ, moins, peu, plus, presque, seulement, tant, tellement, tout, très, trop, ...

Examples: There were so many people this Saturday.

There were almost no people this Saturday.


Relative adverbs

Logical relationship adverbs are answers to questions of cause, consequence, concession and opposition. Among the most common are: also, however, therefore, on the other hand, still, even, moreover, consequently, yet, when even, only, all the same, however, ...

Examples: En revanche, he disagrees with you.

However, he disagrees with you.


Adverbs of manner

Adverbs of manner answer qualitative questions. They include: calmly, standing, usually, gently, together, loudly, kindly, badly, better, rather, especially, quickly, ...

Examples: He talks to her softly.

He talks to her nicely.


Modal adverbs

Modal adverbs inform us about the speaker in relation to his or her speech. They include: hélas, heureusement, malheureusement, par bonheur, certainement, ...

Examples: Fortunately, it's only a lump (positive).

Unfortunately, it's only a piece (negative)


Adverbs of affirmation

Adverbs of affirmation are used to support what we say, to assert something. They include: assuredly, certainly, certainly, yes, perhaps, precisely, probably, doubtlessly, willingly, really, ...

Examples: She certainly saw your message.

She probably saw your message.


Negative adverbs

Negation adverbs are used to construct adverbial negation phrases. They include: ne ... aucunement, ne ... jamais, ne ... pas, ne ... plus, ne ... rien, non, pas du tout, ...

Examples: The child can't find the toy.

The little one never finds the toy.


Interrogative adverbs

Interrogative adverbs are used to ask questions. They include: how much, how, why, when, where.

Examples: How long will you be gone?

How are you going?


Connecting adverbs

Linking adverbs connect two sentences. They take on the role of conjunctions and modify an entire sentence or proposition. Adverbs include: thus, then, certainly, therefore, indeed, then, finally, nevertheless, on the other hand, however, then, ...

Examples: They're gone, so there's room for us.

They're gone, so there's room for us.