Society and every day life


Until 1992 Cuba was declared an atheist state, however it became a mostly catholic nation due to constitutional amendment allowing believers to be politically active. The most present religions are Catholicism and the Santeria, many Cuban Protestant communities have also emerged in recent times. The Jehovah's Witnesses are also strongly represented.



The official form of government is Republican. The power comes from the state apparatus, the army and the Cuba Communist Party, PCC (the only party allowed). Head of state Raúl Castro, like his brother Fidel before him, heads all three institutions.

Local language & communication

The Cuban national language is Spanish. The Spanish has some differences to Spanish in Spain however, it is similar to the language used in other Spanish-speaking Caribbean countries. As a welcome, you give a classic hand shake. The locals greet each other with the title "Compañero", but as a tourist it is preferable that you address locals as "Señor" or "Señora". Most Cubans have two surnames but prefer to be called by their original name.

Public transport

The local road work network is very reliable, however, roads outside of the city are often in bad condition. If you rent your own vehicle remember to drive cautiously. There are local railway and intercity bus companies to bring you to your destination. If you plan on visiting other islands know that most ferries will take you there.